Problem solving skills are considerd the most important skills for early childhood development. children are faceing new problems in everyday life. In fact, the problem solving skills facilitate the child to overcome the social, emotional and educational problems independently. Because of this, parents should ty to provide the best possible opportunities for the development of problem solving skills in chilren. It help the child to makes him more confident and proficient in later life.
What are Problem Solving skills?
D’Zurilla and Goldfrieg (1971) sayes “problem-solving is creating options for an effective response to dealing with a problematic situation and choosing one of these options that are considered to be the most effective one”. According to researchers problem-solving is an “individual’s way of solving the problem by using the emotional, cognitive, and behavioral processes while trying to cope with the problems in daily life”( Kezban Tepeli, Elif Yilmaz, 2013). The problem solving skills is to select best options withing the some other options.
How Parents Improve Problem-Solving Skills in Children?
The parents should try to learn the effective ways to build up problem-solving skills in their childrn. They find herer the 4 tips which help them to promote t problem-solving skills.
1. Let the Child to Identify the Problem
Let the child to identify the exect problem when he faces the problem during the play and in everyday experiences. For example, when a child fails to complete the specific task/game, encourage the child to find out his weakness which bcreate difficulties to complete the task. Parents help them to identify a problem when they need their help. Morever, they must provide important options to identify the problem and let the children solve the primary problem by themselves.
2. Encourage the Child to Share the Problem with Parents/ Teachers
Create an environment at home where the child frequently discusses his problems with Parents. This discussion helps to develop the ability to talk about problems in early childhood. For Example, when a child faces a problem with play puzzle game and puzzle piece did not fit in a perfect place. The child feels easy to talk about the problem with his guardian. The parents should develop the ability in children to discuss their problems with them. This way may become an essential step for promoting the problem-solving ability in children.
3. Find Out the Cause of Problem
This step is very important in the development of problem-solving skills. It is a challenging task for a child to find out the cause of the problem. Let the child apply his thinking to find out the cause of a problem. This activity also helps the child to develop creativity. Parents encourage the children to find out the cause and help the children by locating some causes of the specific problem.
4. Let the Child to Choose the Best Solutions
Some children feel hesitation to choose the solution for a problem during childhood. Let the child think about the best way to solve his problem without any help. The parents/teachers must believe in the child’s abilities that he can complete the task. They suggest some best solutions and allow the child to choose the best solution. Encourage the child to select the appropriate solutions for the concerning problem.
In conclusion, Problem Solving so is an essential skill for achieving successes in every field of life. It is parental and school responsibility to provide the learning environment and focus on the development of primary learning skills. It is not easy work but it takes patience, hard work, and good planning. These four steps which are discussed above can help the children in the development of problem-solving skills.
· Child Development in the Home Children’s Bureau (DREW), Washington, D.C.mw-ono-74-42.
·Kezban Tepeli, Elif Yilmaz,Social Problem-Solving Skills of Children in Terms of Maternal Acceptance-Rejection Levels, David Publication,US-China Education Review B, ISSN 2161-6248 August 2013, Vol. 3, No. 8, 581-592.