Problem solving skills are considered the most important skills in early childhood education. In fact, the problem solving skills facilitate the child to overcome the social, emotional, and educational problems independently. Because of this, parents should try to provide the best possible opportunities for the children to improve problem solving skills.
What are Problem Solving Skills?
It is said that “problem-solving is creating options for an effective response to dealing with a problematic situation and choosing one of these options that are considered to be the most effective one” (D’Zurilla and Goldfrieg (1971).
According to researchers problem-solving is an “individual’s way of solving the problem by using the emotional, cognitive, and behavioral processes while trying to cope with the problems in daily life”( Kezban Tepeli, Elif Yilmaz, 2013). The problem-solving skills help the children to select the best options within some other options.
Benefits of Problem Solving Ability
Problem-solving skills facilitate the child to improve creative, critical thinking and also increase the ability of innovation. It enables children to solve mathematics problems. Problem-solving helps the children to make the right decision at the right time. Problem solvers always perform well in academic, social, and professional life.
Top 5 Activities to Improve Problem-Solving Skills
The parents and teachers should try to learn effective ways to build up problem-solving skills in their children. The following are the top 5 activities that help the parents/teachers to improve problem solving skills in the children more effectively.
1. Let the Child to Identify the Problem
Let the child identify the primary problem when he sees a problem during the play or in everyday experiences. For example, when a child fails to complete the specific task/game, encourage the child to find out the problem which creates difficulties to complete the task.
Parents should help the child to identify a problem when the needs their help. Moreover, they must provide some options to identify the problem and let the children solve the primary problem by themselves.
2. Encourage the Child to Share the Problem with Parents/ Teachers
Let the child discuss his problems with Parents. For Example, when a child sees a problem while playing puzzle games and he struggling to fit the puzzle pieces in a perfect place. In this situation, the child can feel easy to talk about the problem with his guardian. This way may become an essential step for promoting the problem-solving ability in children.
3. Find Out the Cause of Problem
It is a challenging task for a child to find out the cause of the problem. Let the child apply his thinking to find out the cause of a problem. Parents encourage the children to find out the cause and help the children by locating some causes of the specific problem. This activity also helps the child to improve creative skills.
4. Let the Child to Choose the Best Solutions
Some children feel hesitation to choose the solution for a problem during childhood. Let the child think about the best way to solve his problem independently.
The parents and teachers must believe in the abilities of a child that he can complete the task. They can suggest some best solutions and allow the child to choose the best solution. Encourage the child to select the appropriate solutions for solving the problem.
5. Try to Improve critical and Creative thinking
Creative thinking and critical thinking play an important role to improve problem solving ability in children. A child with creative and critical thinking has more ability to solve his problem in an effective way. So, the parent tries to create critical and creative activities to improve this skill.
In conclusion: problem-Solving is an essential skill for achieving success in every field of life. It is parental and school responsibility to provide the best activities to improve this skill. It is not easy work but it takes patience, hard work, and good planning.
Child Development in the Home Children’s Bureau (DREW), Washington, D.C.mw-ono-74-42.
Kezban Tepeli, Elif Yilmaz, Social Problem-Solving Skills of Children in Terms of Maternal Acceptance-Rejection Levels, David Publication, US-China Education Review B, ISSN 2161-6248 August 2013, Vol. 3, No. 8, 581-592.