A child starts to learn through hearing and listening in early childhood. Parents should choose interested and attractive rhymes in which children can sing easily. They should recite nursery rhymes for the child when the child ready to hear. It is an enjoyable exercise and the child feels pleasure to perform this activity. This activity helps the child to develop reading, speaking, and language skills in early childhood.
2. Reorganization of Picture or Image
Show the Pictures and ask the child to recognize the picture. For example, Parents show the picture and asks the child what is this? Child answer that this is an apple. This exercise helps the child to improve reading skills and this exercise should start from one to two years of age. A child starts reading when he begins to see the pictures and turns the pages.
3. Look at the Mood of Child
It is important to understand that the child always cannot concentrate on the learning process. He needs some rest for the next activity. Parents must teach him when he wants to learn and ask something when a child feels easy to respond.
4. Reorganization of Letters
A child starts to recognize the images in early childhood. Letter and numbers also are the types of images. The child starts to recognize the shapes of the words in early childhood. For example, the child must identify the shape, and parents ask the child to find out the letter S from the magazine or newspaper.
5. Planting Seeds at Home
It is a parental responsibility to provide opportunities to develop responsible behavior in early childhood. The child should plant a few seeds in a pot or in the garden. This activity motivates the child to collect information about plants and caring strategies. It makes the child responsible and sensible.
6. Visit Public Places with your Child
Parents should visit the supermarket, historical places, airport, post office, and museum with their children. The child learns new ideas, and public dealing during the visit to public palaces. Parents should provide opportunities to ask questions about the visit and answer them politely. These visits help to develop social skills in early childhood.
7. Visit Zoo and Farm
The surrounding environment plays a key role in the child learning process. The child sees the different types of animals during the visit to the zoo such as cows, lion, zebra, and pigs. Observation is one of the most important methods to learn new ideas. The child identifies the animals and learns several concepts.
8. Watch the Learning Television Program
Watching learning programs is one of the most important ways to learn in early childhood. Parents should take some time to watch the television program (child cartoon movies) with their children. This activity also helps to develop cognitive and non- cognitive skills in children.
9. Buy a Pet for your Child
It is a healthy activity for child learning. When parents acquire a pet and a child starts to get information about the pit. Parents must provide valuable information about the caring strategies of pets. The child starts to learn and get some valuable experiences.
10. Provoke the Child’s New Interest
A child’s interest always changes with his age and experiences. Parents must follow the new experience, interest, and thinking of children. Parents should take some time to discuss with the child about his interest. Create learning activities according to the child’s interest.
11. Teach about Shapes
Ask the child to search for the different shapes at the home. The child should search and find out the different types of shapes such as square, circle, and triangle. Parents must help to find out the shapes and draw them.
12. Play Touch Game
Put some kitchen items on a bench or table and ask the child which item feels cool, warm, rough, and soft. Touch games help children to learn many concept and new ideas.
13. Questions to your Child about Smell
Ask the child about the different types of smells. For example, ask the child what his father’s perfume smells? What do you smell from your mother’s perfumes? What do you smell cooking? What foods smell sweet?
14. Teach about Size (Clear the concept of big and small, long and short, fat and thin)
Put the different objects on the table and ask the child which is longer and which is the smaller. This game helps to understand the concept between big and small, tall and short and fat and thin.
15. Play Listening Game
This game is important for skill development. Request the child to close eyes and explain the sound which he heard inside or outside the door. Sounds should be changed at a different time in a day. This activity increases the child’s ability to recognizing the different sounds.
16. Counting Activity
Counting practice is an important practice for the development of numeracy skills in early childhood. The child tries to count apples in the basket, stairs at home. Count the chair in the room, count the cups and plates on the table. This is a very helpful method to learn the numbers in early childhood.
17. Play Observational Games
Ask the child to find out the thing which has two legs. This question requires thinking to find out the things which have two legs. Parents also ask to find out the thing which has a red color in the room.
18. Ask the Name of Picture
Show the chart and ask the child to point out the name of the specific picture. For example, you can ask the child where is an apple in this book and the child must circle the apple.
19. Play the “Alike and Different” Game (Choosing Similar Pictures)
This is an intellectual game in which a child uses his brain to choose similar pictures from many pictures. Put items in the chart or on the table in pairs and ask the child to chose the alike (similar) from the chart.
20. Listen and Name the Beginning Sound (Which Object Start with the same letters)
Say the first word of the picture and ask the child to find out other names that start with the same word. For example, Parents say the name “Mother” and ask the child to find other names which start with the “M” such as Monkey, Moon, and Mountain.
21. Visit the Bookstore with Your Child
Take time to visits bookshop with your child. Let your child choose one of his favorite books and allow him to purchase the book. So, this activity develops the reading habit at an early age.
22. Try to Cook Simple Food
Help the child to cook some simple food. He begins to start read the recipes or watch videos to learn about cooking. This activity may help to improve the reading, social, and problem-solving skills in childhood.
23. Visit the Public Library
Take time to visit the children’s library when the child reached three or four years of age. He feels pride and learns many things during the visit to the library. The child builds a relationship with another child during the visit and learns social norms. Parents should let the child select some welcome book or child magazine and help him to turn the pages easily.
24. Ask the Child to Find Out Particular Picture and Past it in Blank Sheets
A child finds the Picture that starts with S and finds out another picture that starts with the same word. Cut all those pictures which start with the same letters and past them in the blank sheets. Parents must encourage the child to continue this practice with other letters in the same way.
25. Use a Computer Keyboard for Typing
Provide opportunities for your child to explore the keyboard. The child starts to recognize the letters in early childhood and write his name. Let the child use the computer or smartphone when he wants to use it. Parents try to keep their children safe from online risks.
26. Explore the New words to Increase the Child’s Vocabulary
It is parental and teacher responsibility to explore the new word to the child. They try to give two or three words daily and the child tries to pronounce perfectly. This activity helps the children to increase vocabulary gradually.
27. Play a Look-Alike Game (Find out the same letters)
Write or print out mixed letters on a sheet, like H M T M T P H and ask the child to circle the same letters. Continue this practice in different ways to learn the child.
In Conclusion: there are top preschool learning activities for preschoolers to improve learning performance. Skills start to develop from early childhood. It is parental and institutional responsibility to create the best preschool learning activities for their children to improve child learning skills.
- Foust, Betty Jean, Helping Your Child to Read, Office of State LibraryNorth Carolina Department of Art, Culture and History Raleigh, North Carolina 27611 1973.
- Preschool Curriculum framework, Shasta County, Office of Education, to the Educational Resources Information Center (ERIC)” 1989.