Top 10 Medical Reasons for Overweight Child

There are many medical reasons for the overweight child such as lack of physical activity, inheritance, biochemical, therapeutic, and unhealthy eating patterns. However, the weight of newborns does not have to be a product of diet and health.

 Is your child overweight?

Babies grow at different rates at different times, so it’s not always easy to tell if a baby is overweight. The Body Mass Index (BMI) is used to measure height and weight to determine how much body fat a child has.

However, while BMI is generally a good indicator, it is not an accurate measure of body fat and can be misleading even when children experience rapid growth.

How to Deal with Overweight Child

Medical Reasons for Overweight Child
Medical Reasons for Overweight Child

Today, in developing countries, one in four children and adolescents is overweight. This can lead to serious complications such as diabetes, lung disease, and asthma. Obesity in children also has an emotional effect, such as they have difficulty participating in sports and can lose their confidence.

Suppose you see your child struggling with his weight and want to help him.  So it would help if you try to diagnose the weight problems of your child as soon as possible and it will help reduce your child’s risk of developing serious medical conditions as they get older. 

Moreover, by involving the whole family, you can break the cycle of weight worries and obesity.  Improve your child’s physical and mental health, and help them achieve a healthier life-sustaining diet. Establish a good relationship, no matter what your child’s weight is, let them know you love them, and you help them stay healthy and happy.

Natural Ways to Deal with Overweight 

  • Exercise regularly
  • Avoid high-calorie foods
  • Activities such as swimming, trekking
  • Limit screen time.

Top 10 Medical Reasons of Child Overweight

The following are the top 10 medical reasons for an overweight child that help the parents to deal with it:

1. Depression 

Depression becomes the cause of overweight, and it includes depressed mood, fatigue, and feeling sick in children. These symptoms include lack of interest in children’s sports, lack of sleep, unprofessional behavior, lack of confidence, etc. Many research shows that infant obesity causes childhood depression. 

When parents see these symptoms, and they should visit the doctor with their children. 

2. Family Inheritances

If a child belongs to a family of overweight people, they are more likely to be overweight. The child strat to gain weight where high-calorie foods are always available and physical activity is not encouraged.

3. Hypothyroidism

Although it rare in children, hypothyroidism can lead to weight gain. Due to this condition, the thyroid gland produces minimal amounts of thyroid hormone, which regulates metabolism, blood pressure, energy levels, and much more. 

According to Maria Maguire, MD of Pediatrics, certified by the University of Maryland Community Medical Group Pediatrics board, “Hypothyroidism is usually caused by lightweight gain rather than just obesity or severe weight gain.” Other thyroid health problems such as fatigue and depression can play a role in obesity.

4. Hormone Growth

The baby’s brain’s pituitary gland produces growth hormone, which affects the baby’s height and helps build bones and muscles. Growth hormone also affects metabolism (the rate at which we burn kilojoules for energy). Researchers have found that an obese child has lower levels of growth hormone than a normal-weight child.

5. Unhealthy Microbiome in Gut

According to Walter Gaman, MD, family practice physician at healthcare toadies of Texas. Suppose the healthy yes-man woolgathering in the gut of children can lead to overweight and other health issues. In that case, the unhealthy gut is involved in the children’s disease ratio’s long-term severity.

6. Medications

Suppose your child is currently on medication for a disease or ailment and seems to be gaining weight. According to Amster Easter K. Liu, chairman of the Department of Pediatrics at the University of Maryland Baltimore Washington Medical Center, some medications can make you feel hungry, reduce your metabolism or increase fluid retention, leading to weight gain.  

The most notable medications that affect children’s weight are anti-depressants, over-the-counter medications, oral steroids, and some antihistamines.

7. Asthma and Allergies

Asthma and allergies do not directly cause obesity in children, but they can indirectly affect a child’s weight. “Children with asthma and allergic rhinitis have difficulty breathing, which can limit their physical tolerance for exercise,” says Dr. Liu. And, oral steroids and antihistamines that can help with these conditions can also contribute to weight gain. If your child is having difficulty participating in physical activity, talk to your child’s doctor about asthma symptoms.

8. Unhealthy dietary habits

A healthy supply chain is essential for a healthy baby’s body. If the eating habits are disturbed, the child may become obese, leading to overweight. Junk foods are the main cause of obesity in children.

9. Lack of Sleep

One study found that sleep duration affects the hormones that control appetite. Another important factor may be that lack of sleep leads to fatigue and consequently reduced physical activity.

10. Excessive  Screen Time

Living a sedentary lifestyle is another factor that contributes to weight gain. Statistics show that children spend at least six and a half hours a day playing some form of media, such as video games, chatting on the Internet, and watching television.

 Children need at least 1 hour of physical exercise and media less than two hours a day. The easiest way to get kids to exercise is to play games that keep them physically active, such as hide and seek. Children need to be kept active to maintain their weight and develop healthy bones and muscles.

In Conclusion: Being overweight in childhood is a serious problem all over the world. However, with proper education and support, children can learn better ways to deal with their worries and stay active. This support should come from adults into their lives: parents, teachers, and other carers. Help your children stay healthy longer by preparing nutritious foods and encouraging them to exercise more.


  1. Daniels SR. The consequences of childhood overweight and obesity. Future Child 2006;16:47-49.
  2. Dr. Walter Gaman, MD, is a Family Medicine Specialist in Irving, TX.
  3. Esther K. Liu, MD, FAAP, and chair of pediatrics for the University of Maryland Baltimore Washington Medical Center
  4. Childhood overweight and obesity. world health organization. Accessed May 19, 201
  5. Maria Maguire, MD, MPP, FAAP Health Officer, Talbot County Health Department at Maryland Department of Health
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