Top 10 Preschool Math Concepts Skills

Preschool math concepts skills provide the mathematical foundation for learning formal math with ease. These concepts help children develop a sense of math in daily activities to explore the world around them and they start to understand the concept of measuring and numbering at an early age.

Preschool Math Concepts Skills
Preschool Math Concepts Skills

This article will find the top 10 best preschool math concepts along with preschool math concept activities to improve math concepts. Preschool math concepts relate to preschool science concepts.

The preschool mathematical concepts include measuring, comparing, and classifying, similar to process skills in science. Moreover, the importance list of math preschool concept are mentioned below:

Top 10 Best Preschool Math Concepts Skills

The following are the top 10 best preschool math concepts and math concepts for preschoolers activities that help the parents and teachers to develop the basic math concepts in their little children.

1. Number Sense

Recognition of numbers is a primary math concept for preschool that has an intense relationship with the concept of addition and subtraction in the next stage. Remember, kids gradually understand what numbers mean and how they relate to each other. They can learn numbers up to 10 at an early age, and it is a continuous process from preschools to the elementary level.


  • Connect the number of dots is the best activity to learn numbers at an early age.
  • Counting practice: Let the child count everywhere you go with your child.
  • Let your child see when you are counting coins during the shopping.
  • Help your child dial numbers when you are calling and tell your child the address and phone number of your home at the age of 3. Teach your child how each house has its number.
  • Gather the toys of your kid and tell him to count them. You can also say to your child, pick up a red one or blue. This activity also helps to understand the number.
  • Let your child count stairs and chairs in your home.

2. Measuring 

It is about measuring the height, length, volume, and weight of the object, and kids may learn simple measurements based on weight such as heavy and light without applying rules.


  • Give opportunity to your child to differentiate between size and shapes. For example, gather the books and ask your child which books are small and which one is big.
  • Teach your child about the concept of big, small, and tall, and taller.
  • Talk about measuring tools during cocking or measuring objects at home.
  • Teach your child direction words such as left-right during walking in the parks,

3. Spatial Sense

Spatial sense is also called early geometry. Toddlers should learn the ideas about size, shape, direction, space, and movement at his early age. Children can recognize simple geometric shapes around them, such as circles, triangles, etc.


  • Challenge your child to gather objects to largest, lightest, and smallest.
  • Talk with your child about shapes and size.
  • Cut out pictures from the child magazine, then ask the kids to place them according to the largest and smaller ones.
  • Draw different shapes on a blank paper and tell the child to color in the triangle, rectangle, and circle.

4. Problem Solving

It is an ability that requires previous knowledge and logical thinking to find the correct answer. Through this process, the child gathers many pieces of information and finds out the single perfect possible solution to a problem, and can solve only simple problems at an early stage.

  • For example, there are ten apples and two kids, and say to your child, how can each kid get the same number of apples? He may use his thinking and counting skills to make sure each kid gets the same number.
  • Moreover, Say to your child seven guests are coming to our house, and there are six chairs in the drawing-room; where can we find another chair? Now the child starts to think about the solution to the problem.

5. Math Language

Language is an essential factor in preschool math concepts, and children use many math languages in daily routines, such as colors and numbers. The preschool math language includes short, tall, circle, rectangular, etc.

6. Making Sets

Making sets is the ability to create groups of objects through logical thinking. Give opportunities to your child to create a set through his observation and thinking. So let him separate objects by color and size and create sets.

  • Children should organize and create any object set in a particular order, such as larger and smaller. This concept enables children to solve math problems in the future.
  • Matching is another excellent math learning activity for preschoolers. Mix up a group of different items or objects such as gloves and socks and ask the child to make pairs. This concept and activity enhance the comparing ability in children. It enables the children to identify differences and similarities in items.

7. Counting

It is the ability to count correctly. Counting refers to reciting numbers to memory. Preschoolers often count up to 10 numbers, and they may be able to count up to 100 numbers and sometimes skip numbers and make some little mistakes in frequent counting. You should recite the number in the sequence, count several items in routine, and the child should follow you.

8. Comparing

Comparing is an important math skill for preschoolers, and most often, preschoolers can compare similar objects, for instance. On the other hand, young children can compare objects to find out similarities and differences.

For instance, a little kid sees a cat in a park and know that the cat is similar that his cat at home. So it is necessary to improve math vocabulary to build comparing skills in your kids, such as smaller and biggest and less and more.

9. Spatial Sense

Time measurement also falls under the math learning concept. Parents teach them the concept of evening, morning, afternoon, day, and night. Kids also can understand the concept of week and days. Time vocabulary is essential for children and describes the time such as next, before, and after.

They can understand the concept of year and month, and some children also learn how a month is longer than a week and how a year is longer than a month.

10. Patterns

Patterns require seasoning and logical skills. It includes shapes, numbers, and images that repeat logically. It helps to understand what comes next. Children begin to make predictions that what happens next.

In conclusion: There are the top 10 best preschool math concepts that should be developed in early childhood. Math concepts are an essential part of preschool education, and these concepts provide the foundation of formal math.

Moreover, this article also includes the best math concepts for preschoolers activities that help the parents and teachers to improve math concepts in preschoolers. Sometimes, children are not ready for math activities parents should try to initiate or try again when they are ready. Make math activities enjoyable to get a better result.

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