What are motor skills?
A fine motor skill is an ability to act with a body movement. Children require the practice of body movements. So they need motor skills more than adults. Children learn motor skills from various activities. These fine motor skills prepare them for proper responses. We should care much for enhancing the motor skills of the children.
Thus parents and teachers must care a lot to develop motor skills in their children. Motor skills get ready for the children for life long performance. These are essential ingredients of life and work. The motor skills should be developed along with other primary learning skills.
Types of Motor Skills
There are so many motor skills helpful for children. Category wise, there are two main types of motor skills:
1. Gross Motor Skills
Gross motor skills require the whole body or a group of major limbs for an activity. The major limbs include head, legs, and arms. In gross motor skills, most of the body parts act in a group. Large movements occur due to the motion of the great human limbs. Gross motor skills have two minor types:
1.Locomotion Skills: Running, jumping, sliding and swimming, etc.
2. Control Skills: Picking, kicking, throwing and catching, etc.
2. Fine Motor Skills
These motor skills involve body limbs in partial. Smaller parts of the body make such skills possible. Small limbs are hands, fingers, toes, feet, nose, and eyes. Fine motor skills are winking, blinking, clapping, soaking and writing, etc. Fine motor skills seek greater focus as compare to gross motor skills.
Infant children experience gross motor skills with lesser need for consideration. Big children pose fine motor skills with fine mental work.
Top 10 Activities To Build Motor Skills In Children
The following are some core activities for learning motor skills in children. These skills display various actions for a child’s development and learning.
1. Painting (Carrying out Painting)
Required material: Painting kit, tracing papers, blank thick paper sheets
Activity Method of Painting: Spread out a thick paper sheet on the table or any other plain surface. Then put on the tracing paper over it. Now use carbon pencil to trace the painting of choice. When you have done the tracing of the painting, remove the tracing paper. After that, you fill-up the tracing with different colors of choice. Ultimately a painting is ready to display.
The benefits of painting: Carrying out painting enhances the fine motor skills of a child. The skills of eye focusing, mental concentration, precise use of fingers, and making up sitting pose improve much in the children. See about the different ideas of kids painting.
2. Playing Dough and Putty
Required material: Two tubs, china clay, water, and tartar oil
Activity Method of Playing Dough and Putty: Prepare dough and putty with china clay in a tub. Pour water enough to make it sticky. Massage tartar oil around the hands to prevent sticky traits of dough and putty. Make rolls and place them on the other tray. Make efficient use of time and stuff. The child will make dough and putty to enhance motor skills.
The benefits of Playing Dough and Putty: This activity strengthens hands much on work. Skills of finger rolling and placing improve a lot. Wrists get strength with the continuous play of the activity. It also makes better use of eyes focusing.
3. Playing with Sponges
Required material: Water, sponges, perforated bottles, saucers, pressing the handle
Activity Method of Playing with Sponges: It is a popular activity among the kids. Put the sponge pieces in perforated bottles. Then place the bottles in a wide saucer. Pour water over each sponge equally. Wait a while for a few minutes. Sponges will soon absorb water. Now press each sponge with pressing handle. Thus water will squeeze out from the pours in the bases.
The benefits of Playing with Sponges: It is a force and balancing activity. Pressing, pouring, and squeezing skills of the children improve. It helps them in managing water quantity before and after the activity.
4. Rice Races
Required material for Rice Races: 200 kg large grains of rice, three plastic bowls, two tweezers
Activity Method: Take rice into two bowls. Then place an empty bowl in mid of them. Now give tweezers in two hands of your child. After that ask your child to shift the rice into the empty bowl with tweezers. Thus the child seems running the rice race from filled bowls to empty one.
Skills enhancement: It is an activity for improving fine motor skills. The child learns to balance and order. A child also discovers the comparative use of both hands. It makes them efficient in daily work.
5. Water Play
Required material: Water, two big cups, eyedropper, food color, stirrer
Activity Method of Water Play: Firstly fill up a cup with water near to the brims. Secondly, ask the child to mix the food color with the stirrer. Thus color water is ready for the activity. Then place an empty cup near it. Thirdly hand over an eyedropper to the child. Lastly order the child to shift the water from one cup to the other with the dropper. The child will fill and squeeze the dropper for shifting the water.
The benefits of Water Play: This activity enhances the fine motor skills of the child. It prepares the child for the skills of focusing, squeezing, and stirring. The activity also promotes the right selection of the actions.
Required material for Gardening: Seeds, trowel, pincer, water sprayer
Activity Method: Accompany the child to the orchard. Train the child to dig a ditch with the trowel. Then give him/her seeds to sow with the help of pincer. After sowing, the child covers the seeds with soil. Lastly, the child sprinkles water over the seeds with sprayer. Thus the child learns the basics of gardening with ease and interest.
The benefits of Gardening: It is an activity for improving gross motor skills. All major limbs of the child move in the act of digging. The child learns the skills of digging, sowing, spraying, and leveling.
7. Feeding the Birds
Required material: Worms, tweezers, basket nest
Activity Method of Feeding the Birds: Give tweezers to the children for picking up the worms from the ground. Then ask them to collect the worms in a basket nest from various places around. They wander and search for worms to pick up. Lastly, place the basket nest in front of the birds. Children feel great pleasure in feeding the birds with worms.
Benefits of Feeding the Bird: The activity develops gross motor skills in the children. They learn walking, bending, picking and collecting techniques. They also know to focus on and tracing skills.
8. Number Tracing Dots
Required material: Dot sheets, lead pencils, sheet holders
Activity Method of Number Tracing Dots: Hand over dot sheets to the children set in holders. Now give them led pencils. Then call aloud a number to the children. This way they will join the dots to trace the called number. In the end, the parent or teachers will check each child. Make the correction if need.
Benefits of Number Tracing Dots: The activity improves number recognition in the children. It enhances the skills of focusing, tracking, connecting, and writing precision. This is the best activity for developing fine motor skills in children.
9. Sorting the Colors
Required material: Blocks of different colors, Sheets, small color markers
Activity Method of Sorting the Colors: Provide children with sheets. Then give them color markers to mark distant lines on sheets. After that, guide them to sort out the blocks of the same color to match a color line. Thus they match and sort the colors. A child who sorts and matches more blocks is rewarded with a prize.
Benefits of Sorting Colors: It is a fine motor activity for pre-school children. They know the difference between colors. They learn color shades and color intensity. They improve themselves in the skills of sorting, matching, and differentiation.
10. Threading Beads
Required material for Threading Beads: Tray, beads threads
Activity Method: Take up a large number of colorful beads in a tray. Place the tray in front of a child on a table. Then give thread pieces to the child for making small bead strings of different colors. This way the child recognizes beads of the same color to join in a bead string.
Skills enhancement: The activity builds up fine motor skills in the children. They learn color differences, beading skill, use of fingertips for picking and placing the beads. They also make effective use of eye-hand contact.
Above are the top 10 fine motor skill activities for building up the motor skills in children. These activities prepare children for learning. Psycho-motor domain of learning stresses on motor skills of the children. As academic tools, motor skills are important parts of the learning process. Learning needs a lot of comprehension and coordination of motor skills. We provide necessary activities to excel in motor skills in children. Eventually, this effort will enhance the learning and scope of motor skills. The article reads out diverse activities for the children. Children can really build their motor skills with the proper use of these activities.