Problem-solving skills are considered the most important skills in early childhood education. In fact, the problem solving skills facilitate the child to overcome the social, emotional, and educational problems independently. Because of this, parents should try to provide the best possible opportunities for the children to develop problem-solving skills in children. It helps the child to makes him more confident and proficient in later life.
What is Problem Solving skills?
It is said that “problem-solving is creating options for an effective response to dealing with a problematic situation and choosing one of these options that are considered to be the most effective one” (D’Zurilla and Goldfrieg (1971). According to researchers problem-solving is an “individual’s way of solving the problem by using the emotional, cognitive, and behavioral processes while trying to cope with the problems in daily life”( Kezban Tepeli, Elif Yilmaz, 2013). The problem-solving skills help the children to select the best options within some other options.
Benefits of Problem Solving Ability
Problem-solving skills facilitate the child to improve creative, critical thinking and increase the ability of innovation. It enables children to solve mathematics problems. Problem-solving helps the children to make the right design at the right time. Problem solvers always perform well in academic, social, and professional life.
Top 5 Activities to Improve Problem-Solving Skills in Children?
The parents should try to learn effective ways to build up problem-solving skills in their children. The following are the top 5 activities to build problem solving skills which help the parents to improve problem-solving skills in their children more effectively.
1. Let the Child to Identify the Problem
Let the child identify the primary problem when he faces the problem during the play or in everyday experiences. For example, when a child fails to complete the specific task/game, encourage the child to find out the problem or his weakness which creates difficulties to complete the task. Parents should help the child to identify a problem when the needs their help. Moreover, they must provide some options to identify the problem and let the children solve the primary problem by themselves.
2. Encourage the Child to Share the Problem with Parents/ Teachers
Create an environment at home where the child can frequently discuss his problems with Parents. This discussion helps to develop the ability to talk about problems in early childhood. For Example, when a child faces a problem with play puzzle games and puzzle pieces did not fit in a perfect place. The child feels easy to talk about the problem with his guardian. The parents should develop the ability in children to discuss their problems with them. This way may become an essential step for promoting the problem-solving ability in children.
3. Find Out the Cause of Problem
This is very important in the development of problem-solving skills in early childhood. It is a challenging task for a child to find out the cause of the problem. Let the child apply his thinking to find out the cause of a problem. Parents encourage the children to find out the cause and help the children by locating some causes of the specific problem. This activity also helps the child to develop creativity.
4. Let the Child to Choose the Best Solutions
Some children feel hesitation to choose the solution for a problem during childhood. Let the child think about the best way to solve his problem without any help. The parents/teachers must believe in the child’s abilities that he can complete the task. They can suggest some best solutions and allow the child to choose the best solution. Encourage the child to select the appropriate solutions for the concerning problem.
5. Try to Improve critical and Creative thinking in children
Creative thinking and critical thinking play an important role to build problem-solving skills in children. A child with creative and critical thinking has more ability to solve his problem in an effective way. So, the parent tries to create critical and creative activities to improve this skill.
In conclusion: problem-Solving is an essential skill for achieving success in every field of life. It is parental and school responsibility to provide the learning environment and focus on the development of primary learning skills. It is not easy work but it takes patience, hard work, and good planning.
Child Development in the Home Children’s Bureau (DREW), Washington, D.C.mw-ono-74-42.
Kezban Tepeli, Elif Yilmaz, Social Problem-Solving Skills of Children in Terms of Maternal Acceptance-Rejection Levels, David Publication, US-China Education Review B, ISSN 2161-6248 August 2013, Vol. 3, No. 8, 581-592.