Child Development Stages: A child is a delicate creature. The child grows up from birth till adult. During this growth timing, physical, mental, and social structures of the child improve. Thus a child passes through various stages of development.
Among the many domains of growth, the most apparent character of child development is physical development. Along with physical development, mental, social, and cultural developments occur automatically. Thus child development here means an overall improvement in almost all the life characteristics of a child. The study of child development is important for the teacher as well as the parents. When we know the requirements of early childhood development at different stages, we can easily help them grow in a better way. Various stages divide the performance patterns of the children with growth in age.
Top 5 Child Development Stages
Many variations occur in the actions and structures of the children. These variations assign many stages in the lives of the children. With combinations, the life of a child has following top developmental stages of life:
This stage spans the first three months of a child’s life. Children become active within the first month of their births. They make responses in automatic ways to any action on them. For example, they turn heads, close fingers, and move eyes in the direction of motivation. They recognize the smells and the sounds. They express their needs with cries etc. Parents can judge any disorder in the children through these signs of early childhood development. Thus we can do the needful for a child at an early stage.
2. Infancy Stage
From the third month to the twelfth month of age, a child is called an infant. It is a delicate portion of the child’s age. Infants adopt new actions and abilities too soon. Then they try to display their abilities through proper responses. From sixth to ninth month of age, a child can sit without support. From ninth to twelfth month, the child learns to crawl and crawling activities. Children can pick up the objects and play at the end of the infancy stage. Infancy apparently exposes the tendencies of the children.
3. Toddler Stage
A one year child is called a toddler and this stage extends up to three years of age. It is really a childish stage. Clever and calm children show them off at the toddler stage. They learn to walk, climb, and jump. Children as toddlers can follow simple instructions. They can talk in small sentences. This is the stage at which a child adopts a mother language. Toddlers can draw small circles and play with toys etc. The toddler stage of child development guides us about the interests and feelings of the children.
4. Preschool Stage
The Preschool stage of a child comprises three to five years of life. At his stage, a child matures his/her actions and responses. They can throw and catch the objects. They wear dresses and shoes easily at this stage of their lives. Preschoolers may express the features of a person or scene. They can engage their playmates in easy games. This is an important stage to prepare children for schooling. We can design the courses of action for learning objectives.
5. School Going Stage
Normally, the stage of going to school of a child is five years to fourteen years of age. At this stage, children prove them separate as boys and girls. They become confident and independent in their actions. They show responsibilities to various levels. It is really a learning stage of a child. We can assess the inherent skills of a child at this stage. Children can involve themselves in creative activities and innovations. It is a blooming stage of learning. Children show their abilities through performance.
Developmental Milestones of Child
As a child grows up, it achieves many objectives of development one after the other. To assess child development in its true sense, we must set the developmental milestones. These milestones work as destinations of child development at various stages of life span. Following are the main milestones of child development to achieve:
1. At the newborn stage, a child should be:
Physically perform rough, random and unsystematic reflexive movements
Mentally focus ears and eyes on sounds and sights
Socially recognize mother or foster mother from the rest of the people
2. At the infancy stage, a child must be:
Physically gets weight sits at ease and learns to crawl well
Mentally distinguish objects of various colors and sizes
Socially interactive with caretakers and run away from strangers
3. At the toddler stage, a child is able to:
Physical abilities of walking, climbing, holding and playing with toys
Mental capabilities of verbal responses and following the orders or precautions
Socially active response at games and routine tasks of eating, meeting, and seating
4. At the preschool stage, a child should be:
Physically capable of jumping, running, riding and playing
Mentally display memories, realize advices and differentiate fantasy from real facts
Socially experience social role and reduce the fear of facing the elder ones
5. At school going stage, a child must possess:
Physically solid activities, study growth and perception of body changes
Mentally conceive events, conceive viewpoints and focus on innovations
Socially understand society, follow strict rules and take responsibilities
Child development is a complex phenomenon in nature. A child experiences many rapid changes at different stages of life. This article summarizes the whole span of child life and includes important stages of child development. Then there come objectives of child development with the name of milestones of development. These milestones help the parents and teachers to know various phases of the development of a child. The article mentions the physical, mental, and social requirements of a child’s development. This knowledge of child development has many good uses. We can trace the educational field for a child. We can judge the abilities of children at various stages. Hence it is really a supportive tool for teachers and parents.