The child development stages here mean an overall improvement in almost all the life characteristics of a child. The study of child development is essential for the teacher as well as the parents.
The child grows up from birth till adult and during this growth timing, the physical, mental, and social structures of the child improve. Thus a child passes through various stages of development. Among the many domains of growth, the most prominent character of child development is physical development. Along with physical development, mental, social, and cultural developments occur automatically.
When we know the requirements of early childhood development at different stages, we can quickly help them grow in a better way. Various stages divide the performance patterns of the children with growth in age.
What are the 5 Stages of Child Development?
Many variations occur in the actions and structures of the children. These variations assign many stages in the lives of the children. With combinations, the life of a child has the following top developmental stages of life:
This stage spans the first three months of a child’s life, and Children become active within the first month of their births. They make responses in automatic ways to any action on them. For example, they turn heads, close fingers, and move their eyes in the direction of motivation. They recognize the smells and the sounds and express their needs with cries etc. Parents can judge any disorder in the children through these signs of early childhood development. Thus we can do the needful for a child at an early stage.
2. Infancy Stage
From the third month to the twelfth month of age, a child is called an infant. It is a delicate portion of the child’s age. Infants adopt new actions and abilities too soon. Then they try to display their abilities through proper responses. From the sixth to the ninth month of age, a child can sit without support. From the ninth to twelfth month, the child learns to crawl and crawling activities. Children can pick up the objects and play at the end of the infancy stage. Infancy exposes the tendencies of the children.
3. Toddler Stage
A one year child is called a toddler, which extends up to three years of age. It is a childish stage. Intelligent and calm children show them off at the toddler stage. They learn to walk, climb, and jump. Children as toddlers can follow simple instructions. They can talk in small sentences. This is the stage at which a child adopts a mother language. Toddlers can draw small circles and play with toys etc. The toddler stage of child development guides us about the interests and feelings of the children.
4. Preschool Stage
The Preschool stage of a child comprises three to five years of life. At his stage, a child matures his/her actions and responses. They can throw and catch objects. They wear dresses and shoes easily at this stage of their lives. Preschoolers may express the features of a person or scene. They can engage their playmates in easy games. This is an important stage to prepare children for schooling. We can design the courses of action for learning objectives.
5. School Going Stage
Usually, the stage of going to school of a child is five years to fourteen years of age. At this stage, children prove themselves separate as boys and girls. They become confident and independent in their actions, and They show responsibilities to various levels. It is a learning stage for a child. We can assess the inherent skills of a child at this stage and children can involve themselves in creative activities and innovations. It is a blooming stage of learning. Children show their abilities through performance.
Child Developmental Milestone
As a child grows up, it achieves many objectives of development one after the other. To assess child development in its true sense, we must set developmental milestones. These milestones work as destinations of child development at various stages of life span. Following are the main milestones of child development to achieve:
1. Newborn Development Milestone
A child in this stage should be:
- Physically perform rough, random, and unsystematic reflexive movements
- Mentally focus ears and eyes on sounds and sights
- Socially recognize mother or foster mother from the rest of the people
2. Developmental Milesrore of Infants
A child In this stage must be:
- Physically gets weight sits at ease and learns to crawl well
- Mentally distinguish objects of various colors and sizes
- Socially interactive with caretakers and run away from strangers
3. Toddler Developmental Milestones
A child In this stage must be:
- Physical abilities of walking, climbing, holding and playing with toys
- Mental capabilities of verbal responses and following the orders or precautions
- Socially active response at games and routine tasks of eating, meeting, and seating
4. Preschool Developmental Milestones
A child should be in this stage:
- Physically capable of jumping, running, riding, and playing
- Mentally display memories, realize advices and differentiate fantasy from real facts
- Socially experience social role and reduce the fear of facing the elder ones
5. At school going stage,
A child must possess in this stage:
- Physically solid activities, study growth and perception of body changes
- Mentally conceive events, conceive viewpoints and focus on innovations
- Socially understand society, follow strict rules, and take responsibilities
In conclusion: Child development is a complex phenomenon in nature. A child experiences many rapid changes at different stages of life. This article summarizes the whole span of child life and includes important stages of child development. Then there come objectives of child development with the name of milestones of development.
These milestones help the parents and teachers to know various phases of the development of a child. The article mentions the physical, mental, and social requirements of a child’s development. This knowledge of child development has many good uses. We can trace the educational field for a child. We can judge the abilities of children at various stages. Hence it is a supportive tool for teachers and parents.